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Chapter 07

    1. Action in Europe
    2. Harmonisation of nuclear safety worldwide
    3. Assistance requests
    1. European Union
      1. The Euratom Treaty
      2. The European Nuclear Safety Regulators Group (ENSREG)
      3. The European Directive on the Safety of Nuclear Installations
      4. The European directive on the management of waste and spent fuel
      5. The European working groups
      6. The Western European Nuclear Regulators Association
      7. Association of the Heads of the European Radiological Protection Competent Authorities (HERCA)
      8. ASN participation in the Euratom 7th framework R&D programme
      9. Multilateral assistance actions
    2. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
    3. OECD’s Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA)
    4. Multinational Design Evaluation Program (MDEP)
    5. The United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR)
    6. The International Nuclear Regulators’ Association (INRA)
    7. The Association of Nuclear Regulators of Countries Operating French Designed Nuclear
      Power Plants (FRAREG)
    8. The European ALARA Network and the European Radiation Protection Authorities Network
    1. Staff exchanges between ASN and its foreign counterparts
    2. Bilateral cooperation between ASN and its foreign counterparts
    3. ASN bilateral assistance
    1. The Convention on Nuclear Safety (CNS)
    2. The Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety
      of Radioactive Waste Management
    3. The Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident
    4. The Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency
    5. Other conventions linked to nuclear safety and radiation protection

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2012 will be marked by a number of major milestones, most of which are related to following up the steps taken in the wake of the Fukushima Daiichi accident.

In Europe, the national reports of the NPP stress tests will be peer reviewed from January to April 2012. The continuation of this exercise and the subsequent summaries by ENSREG and then the European Commission will be important moments. ASN is heavily involved in these exercises and will continue to devote efforts to ensuring that Europe remains a driving force behind improvements to nuclear safety around the world.

As for the possible changes to the European nuclear safety framework, which will be officially submitted by the Commission to the European Council in June 2012, ASN - in accordance with the provisions of the law - has initiated an analysis with the Government's competent departments of the first potential areas revealed by the Commission in its communication of 23rd November 2011, in order to ensure appropriate preparation of the deadline of next Spring.

At an international level, the schedule is also a busy one. In addition to the Joint Convention review meeting of May 2012 - which was of course scheduled independently of the events at Fukushima Daiichi - an extraordinary review meeting of the contracting Parties to the Convention on nuclear safety will be held in August 2012, to discuss the steps they have taken in the wake of the Fukushima Daiichi accident. ASN will be coordinating the drafting of the French report.

ASN also noted that there has been an extremely positive shift in the position adopted by the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO). ASN will be monitoring the changes to the initiatives launched by WANO and designed to reinforce international monitoring of operating safety.

ASN is convinced that wide-ranging changes are needed to the international safety framework and will also be attentive to the implementation of the action plan adopted by the IAEA Board of Governors in September 2011.

In addition to dealing with these exceptional activities related to the events at Fukushima Daiichi, ASN will in 2012 also be carrying out its usual international business, focusing on improvements to nuclear safety and radiation protection around the world. This aim will be pursued by maintaining strong and permanent ASN involvement in European and international bodies. Many cases need to be dealt with, ranging from negotiations around the new European "basic standards" directive, to the Commission's work on IAEA safety standards.

In line with its highly proactive policy of international cooperation, ASN will be looking to engage in all of these subjects.

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