Livre blanc du Tritium

105 Le tritium dans l’environnement Marshall, J.S. (1962). The effects of continuous gamma radiation on the intrinsic rate of natural increase of Daphnia pulex. Ecology 43, 4, 598607. Masson M. (2006). Carbone 14 et tritium: atelier marin. Convention IRSN-EDF 200-2004. Rapport DEI/SECRE 2006-43. 16p. Masson M. (2008). Bilan radioécologique décennal 2006 de l’environnement proche du centre nucléaire de production d’électricité de Flamanville. Rapport IRSN/DEI/SECRE 2008-41, 139p. Mathur-De Vré, R. and J. Binet (1984). «Molecular aspects of tritiated water and natural water in radiation biology.» Prog. Biophys. Molec. Biol. 43: 161-193. McCubbin D, Leonard KS, Bailey A, Williams J, and Tossel P (2001). Incorporation of organic Tritium (3H) by marine organisms and sediment in the Severn estuary / Bristol Channel (UK). Marine Pollution Bulletin 42:852-863. Melintescu A., Galeriu D. (2005). A versatile model for tritium transfer from atmosphere to plant and soil. Radioprotection, Vol. 40 No. Suppl. 1 (May 2005 Ecorad-2004), S437-42. Miljevic,N., Sipka, V., Zujic, A. andGolobocanin, D. (2000). Tritium around the Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 48: 303-315. Mishima J., Steele C. M. (2002). Oxidation of Tritium Gas Under Accident and Transport Conditions. Rapport - LA-UR-02-3803- U.S. Department of Energy Los Alamos, NM. Miyamoto K., Kimura K. et Hongo S. (1995). A transfer model of tritium in a local hydrosphere. Fusion Technol., 28: 910-917. Moiseenko, V. V., A. J. Waker, et al. (2001). «Calculation of radiation-induced DNA damage fromphotons and tritiumbeta-particles Part II: Tritium RBE and damage complexity.» Radiation and Environmental Biophysics 40: 33-38. Momoshima N., Kakiuchi H., Okai T., Maeda Y. (1999). Variation of tritium concentration in the course of the degradation of fresh pine needles on a forest floor. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 242, 173-175. Morris, J.E. (2006). Organically bound tritium in sediments from the Severn estuary, UK, Faculty of engineering, science and mathematics, Southampton, 236 pp. Murphy Jr C. (1990). The transport, dispersion and cycling of tritium in the environment. Rapport WSRC-RP-90-462, Westinghouse, Savannah River Company, for the DOE, 69 p. Murphy Jr. C. (1993). Tritium transport and cycling in the environment. Health Physics, 65, 683-697. NCRP (1979). Tritium and other radionuclide labeled organic compounds incorporated in genetic material. Bethesda, MD, National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Nelson, V.A. (1971). Effects of ionising radiation and temperature on the larvae of the Pacific Oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Radionuclides in Ecosystems: Proceedings of the Third National Symposium on Radioecology (Nelson, D. J. Ed) CONF-710501-P2 Oak Ridge, Tennessee, May 10-12, 1971, 1, 591-598. Noguchi H., Fukutani, S., Yokoyama, S., Kinouchi, N. (2001). Deposition of tritiated water vapour to water surface in an outdoor field. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 93, 167-172. Noguchi H., Yokoyama S. (2003). Vertical profile of tritium concentration in air during a chronic atmospheric HT release. Health Physics, 84, 344-353. Nucléaire et environnement 2007 – EDF Okai T., Momoshima N., Takashima Y. (1999). Variation of atmospheric tritium concentrations O’Kula K. R., Thoman D. C. (2007). Modeling atmospheric releases of tritium from nuclear installations. American Nuclear Society Embedded Topical Meeting - 2007 International Topical Meeting on Safety and Technology of Nuclear Hydrogen Production, Control, and Management : 189-197. Ota M., Yamazawa H., Moriizumi J., Iida T. (2007). Measurement and modeling of oxidation rate of hydrogen isotopic gases by soil. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 97, 103115. OFSP (2007). Radioactivité de l’environnement et doses de rayonnement en Suisse 2007. Pally M., Barré A. et Foulquier L. (1993). Tritium associé à la matière organique de sédiments, végétaux et poissons des principaux cours d’eau français. Verh. Internat.Verein.Limnol. 25:285-289. Palomo, M., Peñalver, A., Aguilar, C. and Borrull, F. (2007). Tritium activity levels in environmental water samples from different origins. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 65(9): 1048. Peterson S.-R., Davis P. A. (2002). Tritium doses from chronic atmospheric releases: a new approach proposed for regulatory compliance. Health Physics, 82, 213-225. Phillips, L.J., Coggle, J.E. (1988). The radiosensivity of embryos of domestic chickens and black-headed gulls. International Journal of Radiation Biology 53, 2, 309-317. Pietrzak-Flis, Z., et Wasilewska-Gomulka, M. (1984). Effect of lifetime intake of organically bound tritium and tritiated water on the oocytes of rats. Radiation Environmental Biophysics, 23, 61-68. Pointurier, F., Baglan, N., Alanic, G. and Chiappini, R. (2003). Determination of organically bound tritium background level in biological samples from a wide area in the south-west of France. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 68: 171-189. Pointurier F., Baglan N., Alanic G. (2004). A method for the determination of low-level organic-bound tritium activities in environmental samples. Applied Radiation and Isotopes Low Level Radionuclide Measurement Techniques - ICRM, 61, 293-298. PROTECT (2008). Deliverable 5 : Numerical benchmarks for protecting biota from radiation in the environment. Commission européenne, EURATOM Contrat 036425 (FI6R). RIFE (Radioactivity in Food and the Environnement) N°11 (2006). Environment Agency (UK) Report ISSN 1365-6414. Radwan, I., Pietrzak-Flis, Z. and Wardaszko, T. (2001). Tritium in surface waters, tap water, and in precipitation in Poland during the 1994-1999 period. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 247(1): 71-77. Raskob W., Barry P. (1997). Importance and variability in processes relevant to environmental tritium ingestion dose models. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Environmental Tritium, 36, 237-251. Rapport « article 21 de la Loi transparence et sécurité nucléaire » – CEA Marcoule (2008) Rapport « article 21 de la Loi transparence et sécurité nucléaire » – CEA Saclay (2007, 2008) Rapport « article 21 de la Loi transparence et sécurité nucléaire » – CEA Cadarache (2007, 2008) Rapport « article 21 de la Loi transparence et sécurité nucléaire » – ILL (2007, 2008) Réal, A., S. Sundbell-Bergman, et al. (2004.). «Effects of ionising radiation exposure on plants, fish and mammals: relevant data for environmental radiation protection.» J. Radiol. Prot. 24: A123-A137. Renaud Ph. et R. Gurrarian (2009). Réflexion sur l’évolution des concentrations en radionucléides artificels dans l’environnement français, les doses associées et l’adaptation des techniques d’analyse aux besoins de la surveillance. Radioprotection, vol. 44, N°2. Revina, V.S., Voronin, V.S., Lemberg, V.K., Sukhodoev, V.V. (1984). Comparative study of the blastomogenic effect of chronic exposure to tritium oxide and external γ-radiation. Radiobiologiya, 24 (5), pp. 697-700.