ASN Report 2018

∙ ∙ 400 shipments of fresh uranium-based fuel and some 50 shipments of fresh uranium and plutonium-based “MOX” fuel; ∙ ∙ 2,000 shipments from or to foreign countries or transiting via France, representing about 58,000 packages shipped (industrial, A and B type packages). 1. (ASN survey on radioactive substances traffic) The statistical data presented in this chapter come from a study conducted by ASN in 2012. It is based on information collected in 2011 from all the consignors of radioactive substances (BNIs, laboratories, hospitals, source suppliers and users, etc.), as well as on reports from the transport safety advisers. A summary is available on (1) . 2 —  Regulations governing the transport of radioactive substances Given that shipments can cross borders, the regulations governing the transport of radioactive substances are based on international requirements established by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). They are contained in the document entitled “ Specific Safety Requirements – 6 ” (SSR-6), which constitutes the basis for European and French regulations on the subject. 2.1  ̶  Risks associated with the transport of radioactive substances The major risks involved in the transport of radioactive substances are: ∙ ∙ the risk of external irradiation of persons in the event of damage to the shielding provided by the packaging, (the shielding reduces the radiation in contact with the packages of radioactive substances); Transport operations relating to the fuel cycle in France Natural uranium concentrate Reprocessing Surface repository Sea Fabrication Enrichment Conversion Road Rail Le Havre CSA: Aube waste repository Romans-sur-Isère Pierrelatte Marcoule Sète Malvési Natural uranium concentrate Waste Waste Natural uranium concentrate UF 4 UF 6 UO 2 MOX Spent fuel Uranyl Nitrate Natural uranium concentrate La Hague PuO 2 NUCLEARPOWERPLANT Breakdown per mode of transport (rounded figures) APPROXIMATE NUMBER OF PACKAGES AND SHIPMENTS ROAD ROAD AND AIR ROAD AND RAIL ROAD AND SEA ROAD, SEA AND RAIL ROAD, SEA AND AIR Packages approved by ASN Number of packages 18,000 1,300 460 1,900 0 0 Number of shipments 12,500 1,250 380 390 0 0 Packages not requiring approval by ASN Number of packages 870,000 47,000 2,900 6,800 34,500 5,300 Number of shipments 740,000 21,000 530 910 80 5,300 Table 1 ASN report on the state of nuclear safety and radiation protection in France in 2018  259 09 – TRANSPORT OF RADIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES 09