ASN Report 2017
297 ASN report on the state of nuclear safety and radiation protection in France in 2017 Chapter 10 - Sources of ionising radiation and their industrial, veterinary and research applications 4. Regulation of industrial, research and veterinary activities The provisions of the Public Health Code relating specifically to the industrial and research applications provided for in the Public Health Code are specified in this section. The general rules are detailed in chapter 3 of this report. The decree currently under preparation will change the provisions of the Public Health Code. These provisions will change in 2018, particularly with the introduction of the protection of sources against malicious acts and the creation of a new simplified administrative licensing system called registration. 4.1 The Authorities regulating the sources of ionising radiation ASN is the Authority that grants the licenses, that will issue the registration decisions (see chapter 3) and receives the notifications, in accordance with the system applicable to the nuclear activity concerned. However, to simplify administrative procedures for licensees already licensed under another system, the Public Health Code makes specific provisions and the obligation of notification to ASN or licensing by ASN does not apply. This concerns more specifically: ཛྷ ཛྷ The radioactive sources held, manufactured and/or used in installations licensed under the Mining Code (Article 83) or the unsealed radioactive sources held, manufactured and/or used LOCATION of cyclotrons in France Joint use Research Production for medical applications On standby At the project stage LA RÉUNION GUADELOUPE in Installations Classified for Protection of the Environment (ICPE) which come under Articles L. 511-1 to L. 517-2 of the Environment Code, and have a licensing system. The Prefect is responsible for including, in the licenses it delivers, radiation protection requirements for the nuclear activities carried out on the site. ཛྷ ཛྷ The installations and activities relating to national defence for which ASND (Defence Nuclear Safety Authority) is responsible for regulating the radiation protection aspects. ཛྷ ཛྷ The installations authorised under the BNI System. ASN regulates the radioactive sources and electrical devices emitting ionising radiation necessary for the operation of these installations under this system. Holding and using other sources within the bounds of the BNI remain subject to licensing pursuant to Article R. 1333-17 of the Public Health Code. These provisions do not exempt the beneficiary from complying with the requirements of the Public Health Code, and in particular those relative to source acquisition and transfer; they do not apply to the distribution, importing and exporting of radioactive sources, which remain subject to licensing by ASN under the Public Health Code. Since the publication of Decree 2014-996 of 2nd September 2014 amending the nomenclature of the ICPEs, some facilities previously licensed by Prefectural order under the Environment Code for the possession and use of radioactive substances are now regulated by ASN under the Public Health Code. The requirements applicable to these installations are therefore now those of the Public Health Code. However, Article 4 of the abovementioned Decree provides that the license or notification issued under section 1715 shall continue to be valid as a license or notification under the Public Health Code until a new license is obtained under the Public Health Code or, failing this, for a maximum period of five years, that is to say until 4th September 2019 at the latest. Before any change relating to the license is made, it shall either be notified to ASN or form the subject of a new license application, depending on the case. Only establishments holding unsealed radioactive substances or managing radioactivewaste in quantities exceeding 10m 3 for either of these activities are subject to the ICPE System (excluding the medical sector and particle accelerators). Any sealed radioactive sources also possessed or usedby these establishments are regulated by ASN under the Public Health Code. Nuclear materials are subject to specific regulations provided for in Article L. 1333-2 of the Defence Code. Application of these regulations is overseen by the Minister of Defence for nuclear materials intended for defence needs, and by the Minister in charge of Energy for nuclear materials intended for any other use. 4.2 Licensing and notification of ionising radiation sources used for non-medical purposes 4.2.1 Integration of the principles of radiation protection in the regulation of non-medical activities ASN verifies application of the three major principles governing radiation protection and which are written into the Public Health Code (Article L. 1333-2), namely justification, optimisation of exposure and dose limitation (see chapter 2 and 3).