ASN Report 2017

259 ASN report on the state of nuclear safety and radiation protection in France in 2017 Chapter 08  - Regional overview of nuclear safety and radiation protection Provence-Alpes-Côte D’azur The Marseille division regulates nuclear safety, radiation protection and the transport of nuclear substances in the 6 départements of the Provence-Alpes-Côte-d’Azur (PACA) region. I n 2017, ASN carried out 109 inspections in the PACA region, of which 51 were in BNIs, 52 in small-scale nuclear activities and 6 in the transport of radioactive substances. During 2017, two significant events rated level 1 on the INES scale were reported by nuclear installation licensees. In small-scale nuclear activities, 5 significant events rated level 1 on the INES scale were reported to ASN. Seven events involving radiotherapy patients were rated level 1 on the ASN-SFRO scale. The installations and activities to regulate comprise: ཛྷ ཛྷ BNIs: in Cadarache: -- the CEA Cadarache research Centre which counts 21 BNI’s, including the Jules Horowitz Reactor currently under construction; -- the ITER installation construction site, adjacent to the CEA Cadarache Centre; In Marseille: -- the Gammaster industrial ioniser; ཛྷ ཛྷ small-scale nuclear activities in the medical sector: -- 12 external-beam radiotherapy departments; -- 4 brachytherapy departments; -- 19 nuclear medicine departments; -- 108 centres performing fluoroscopy- guided interventional procedures; -- 102 computed tomography scanners; -- some 8,200 medical and dental radiology devices; ཛྷ ཛྷ small-scale nuclear activities in the industrial and research sectors : -- about 400 industrial and research establishments, including 21 companies exercising an industrial radiography activity, 3 Cyclotron particle accelerators, 144 laboratories situated mainly in the universities of the region, and about 300 users of devices for detecting lead in paint; -- about 260 veterinary surgeries or clinics practising diagnostic radiology; ཛྷ ཛྷ ASN-approved laboratories and organisations: -- 3 head offices of laboratories approved for taking environmental radioactivity measurements; -- 5 organisations approved for radiation protection controls. 1. Assessment by domain 1.1 The nuclear installations CEA Cadarache centre ASN carried out 47 inspections relating to BNIs in the CEA Cadarache centre in 2017 and considers that the level of nuclear safety remains satisfactory on the whole. It notes that the disparities observed previously between the centre facilities are still present in certain areas. Inspections of the STD and STE facilities nevertheless ascertained that the operating rigour and the compliance with commitments, the subject in 2016 of ASN’s formal notice to improve, have returned to a satisfactory level. ASN nevertheless remains attentive to the licensee’s commitments regarding these facilities and which have not yet beenmet. ASN also noted the transfer of operational management of the Plutonium Technology Facility (ATPu) and the Chemical Purification Laboratory (LPC) to the CEA on 31st January 2017, and remains attentive to the continuity of the decommissioning operations that Areva NC began. ASN points out that the CEA must carry out several concurrent large-scale projects of different types and with varied safety risks on the Cadarache centre. With regard to the decommissioning and legacy radioactive waste retrieval and packaging work,