ASN Report 2017
239 ASN report on the state of nuclear safety and radiation protection in France in 2017 Chapter 08 - Regional overview of nuclear safety and radiation protection Normandie The Caen division regulates nuclear safety, radiation protection and the transport of radioactive substances in the 5 départements of the Normandie region. I n 2017, ASN carried out 201 inspections in Normandie, comprising 59 inspections in the Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) of Flamanville, Paluel and Penly, 19 inspections on the construction site of the Flamanville 3 EPR reactor, 66 inspections on fuel cycle facilities, research facilities and facilities undergoing decommissioning, 47 inspections in small- scale nuclear activities and 10 in the transport of radioactive substances. In addition to this, 48 days of labour inspection were carried out on the NPP sites and the Flamanville 3 worksite. During 2017, 12 significant events rated level 1 on the INES scale were notified to ASN. In addition, 3 events rated level 1 on the ASN-SFRO scale were notified by the heads of radiotherapy departments in the Normandie region. The installations and activities to regulate comprise: ཛྷ ཛྷ BNIs: -- the NPPs of Flamanville (2 reactors of 1,300 MWe), Paluel (4 reactors of 1,300 MWe) and Penly (2 reactors of 1,300 MWe) operated by EDF; -- the Flamanville 3 EPR reactor construction site; -- the Areva NC spent nuclear fuel reprocessing plant at La Hague; -- the Andra Manche repository; -- the Ganil (National Large Heavy Ion Accelerator) in Caen; ཛྷ ཛྷ small-scale nuclear activities in the medical sector: -- 8 external-beam radiotherapy departments (21 devices); -- 1 proton therapy centre currently being set up; -- 3 brachytherapy departments; -- 11 nuclear medicine departments; -- 35 centres performing fluoroscopy- guided interventional procedures; -- 66 computed tomography scanners; -- some 2,100 medical and dental radiology devices; ཛྷ ཛྷ small-scale nuclear activities in the veterinary, industrial and research sectors : -- about 450 industrial and research establishments, including 18 companies exercising an industrial radiography activity, 1 cyclotron, 21 laboratories situated mainly in the universities of the region, 10 companies using gamma ray densitometers and 150 users of devices for detecting lead in paint; -- about 260 veterinary surgeries or clinics practising diagnostic radiology; ཛྷ ཛྷ ASN-approved laboratories and organisations, including: -- 9 head offices of laboratories approved for taking environmental radioactivity measurements; -- 3 head offices of organisations approved for radiation protection controls. 1. Assessment by domain 1.1 The nuclear installations Areva NC La Hague plant ASN considers that the situation of the plants operated by Areva NC in La Hague is relatively satisfactory with regard to nuclear safety, control of personnel exposure to ionising radiation and compliance with the environmental discharge limits. ASN noted shortcomings in the operational documentation and in practices during situational exercises carried out in 2017 which aimed to assess the licensee’s organisation in degraded situations. Areva NC must enhance the robustness of the operational management of accident situations, particularly by verifying the completeness of its management procedures and the preparedness of the operating teams. In October 2017, ASN authorised the On-site Emergency Plan (PUI) modifications, which more specifically concern the criteria for activating this plan, the local emergency organisation, the reflex response sheets and updating of the accident scenarios.