ASN Report 2017

184 ASN report on the state of nuclear safety and radiation protection in France in 2017 Chapter 07  - International relations 1. ASN objectives in Europe and worldwide The approach for sharing, harmonisation and improvement of knowledge and practices requires that ASN work in three complementary consecutive circles. At a bilateral level, ASN first of all cooperates with numerous countries under bilateral agreements, which can be governmental agreements or administrative arrangements. Bilateral relations allow direct exchanges on topical subjects and the rapid implementation of cooperation measures, sometimes on behalf of joint initiatives within a European or multilateral framework, which can lead to the drafting of new safety or radiation protection baseline requirements. They are also essential in the management of emergency situations. At a European level, the regulatory context has changed in recent years, with the adoption and updating of three European Directives on nuclear safety (Council Directive 2009/71/Euratom of 25th June 2009 creating a community framework for the nuclear safety of nuclear facilities/revised 2014), waste legislation (Council Directive 2011/70/Euratom T hrough a range of bilateral, European and multilateral cooperation frameworks, ASN aims to promote the adoption of ambitious international requirements to make known French positions and doctrines which could contribute to this promotion and to draw on the best practices from around the world to advance nuclear safety and radiation protection. This helps make ASN an international benchmark. This process of sharing, harmonisation and improvement of knowledge and practices also includes cooperation on any significant nuclear events or accidents (for example Chernobyl and Fukushima Daiichi) in which France has played a key post-accident management role since 2011. This action is based on the legislative provisions of the Environment Code, which states that within its scope of competence, ASN proposes France’s positions to the Government for international negotiations and must represent France in international and community organisations in this field. of 19th July 2011 creating a community framework for the responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste) and radiation protection (Council Directive 2013/59/ Euratom of 5th December 2013 setting basic standards for health protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation and repealing Directives 89/618/ Euratom, 90/641/Euratom, 96/29/Euratom, 97/43/Euratom and 2003/122/Euratom). In the construction of this legal framework concerning nuclear safety, the European Commission is supported by ENSREG (European Nuclear Safety Regulators Group) which brings together experts from the European Commission and member countries of the European Union. 1 1 . The national delegations are made up half by heads of safety Regulators and half by representatives from Ministries for the Environment or Energy. ASN ACTION on the international stage European multilateral part EU, European Commission, Euratom, ENSREG, WENRA, HERCA International Multilateral part IAEA, NEA, MDEP, INRA, UNSCEAR, ICRP Conventions Nuclear safety, safety of spent fuel and radioactive waste, early notification of a nuclear accident, assistance Bilateral part Cooperation and exchange of information, assistance, personnel exchanges ASN